Samuel van der Hoeden (Utrecht 14 February 1898 – Montreal Canada, 10 December 1971) was a Jewish Dutch person, who lived in hiding in Deurne-Zeilberg during the German occupation.

He was the son of Benedict van der Hoeden and Naatje Simons and grew up as the youngest in a family with three brothers and a sister on the Springweg 177 in Utrecht, where his father worked as a traveling salesman at the Royal Dutch lead- and zinc rolling mill Hamburger.

Samuel followed the study of tooth doctor and in addition he was a very accomplished artist and painter.

On 24 May 1921 Samuel married in Antwerp (Belgium) with Susanna Geertruida (Susi) di Arutuin di Gazar (04 April 1897 Amsterdam – 07 July 1990 Montreal Canada).

Susanna lived with her mother and sister on the Regentstreet 17 in Antwerp (Belgium) and wanted to get married, traditional from her mother’s House, so to get married in Belgium was a logical choice. Susanna was Christian and because traditional Judaism does not consider mixed marriages Susanna took Judaism classes in order to prepare for her conversion to Judaism before the marriage.

From Antwerp the newly wedded couple left to the Netherlands on 21 June 1921 to Netherlands and settled in Rotterdam at the Gerard Scholtenstraat 47b where they got two daughters, Johanna (Hannie) van der Hoeden (3 March 1922, Rotterdam) and Reina van der Hoeden (1 November 1923 Rotterdam). On 3 June 1929, the family van der Hoeden eventually moved to Amsterdam, where Samuel initially earned their living as a sales traveler in dental supplies.

According to the archives of the Amsterdam police Samuel, residing on the Amstellaan 55, had a dental clinic for the self-employed on the Zuider Amstellaan 63 where he, in the border area of engineering and surgery, practiced unauthorized dentistry. Since the legal provisions on an unauthorized execution of dentistry as from April 1941 became subject to control by the authorities and against unauthorized practicing dental technicians a criminal prosecution would be set, Samuel, like many others was given the deadline of one month to settle their business undisturbed. However, for Samuel 1 month was too short to settle his affairs because some of his patients needed two to three months time to heal before the ordered set of teeth could be placed.

Not much later, the family van der Hoeden moved to the Zuider Amstellaan 184 III in the Rivierenbuurt, where at that time more Jewish inhabitants from the middle class settled down. The dental clinic for the self-employed, meanwhile ‘renamed’ in Dental Institute S. van der Hoeden he continues on their previous residential address, Amstellaan 55.

On 24 August 1941 (around 14:30 pm) Samuel made a declaration of theft of his “Aeva” mens bicycle stolen the night before in front of his home address on the Amstellaan 184 III, possibly the bicycle was mainly used by Samuel to go from and to his practice.

The declaration of theft, was recorded by policeman Kamphuis.

.

Two months later, on 26 October 1941, all Jewish magazines were prohibited, with the exception of “The Jewish weekly” edition of the Jewish Council for Amsterdam where occasionally an advertisement of his Dental Institute was seen.

.
.
.

Anne Frank & Fritz Pfeffer

The Zuider Amstellaan was also the street where Anne Frank (before the Jewish children were obliged to change from school) was walking to and from school with her friends.

Later during the war Anne Frank shared on her hiding place a small room with Dr. Fritz Pfeffer, a German Jewish dentist who (before he went into hiding) clandestinely worked for Samuel, Anne Frank wrote about him in her diary letter of Friday, 13 November 1942:

Dearest Jetty,

Yesterday morning Miep came to tell us that she had been to see Dr.Pfeffer. He had naturally jumped at the suggestion that he should go into hiding. But he literally implored Miep to put it off for a week because he was in the middle of 2, dental operations, he is still owed money by van der Hoeden (that is the dentist for whom he works clandestinely) and he still has to bring the card index up to date for van der Hoeden, or else he won’t be able to make head or tail of it. But we felt that would be much too risky, for he could well say to van der Hoeden, look, I’m going into hiding a week on Thursday. Then van der Hoeden might tell someone else and then Pfeffer would be bombarded with questions. And secondly people might notice the Jew Pfeffer going over every day to Miep and Jan’s carrying his things, and if something happened to Miep and Jan then we’d be at risk ourselves. And so we said that if Pfeffer says today that he must have more time and won’t be able to come by Saturday, then he needn’t come at all, since supposing he was picked up today or tomorrow in the street or at home, or maybe even at the practice, he wouldn’t be able to say I’ve still got to bring my card index up to date and I’m still owed some money. Miep is going to talk to him again and he’ll have to make up his mind today whether he’s coming tomorrow. If so, he’ll have to be at the Post Office at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning and pretend he’s writing a | postcard to his father in Germany, then Mr. Kleiman will happen to bump into him and will get him to follow him about 10 yards behind. Then when Kleiman goes into the office Pfeffer can come in as well, it won’t seem odd because Levinsohn and Kahn and a lot of other Jews come here at the office every day. Now I have to stop , there is nothing more special going on. Politics goes well. Morocco and Algiers, Casa Blanca and Oran have surrendered, now Tunis remains. My white sweater is finished, I had the zipper from Mrs. v. Pels, and it is elegant.

Hello to moek from, Anne Frank.
.

Gerrit van der Veen

As a skilled artist and painter, Samuel came in contact with the Dutch sculptor and leader of a resistance group in Amsterdam, Gerrit Jan van der Veen, probably with help from van der Veen’s younger sister Dora. Due to his artistry, it turned out that Samuel was very skillful in making false identity papers and in addition his practice in the Dental Institute was used by this resistance group to manufacture explosives that later would be used for the partially successful attack on the Amsterdam vital records register on the night of March 27, 1943. In this vital records register there was data of about 70,000 Amsterdam Jews. To throw the filing cabinets over and shower them with benzol the resistance group set a large fire, as they hoped to sabotage the deportation of the Jews of Amsterdam.

Havoc following the attack on the Amsterdam records register
After this incident it became too dangerous for Samuel and leaving his family back in Amsterdam he went into hiding in anonymity and he travels to Deurne, he is accompanied by his daughter Reinie. For some time Samuel was hiding at Tijmen Geert Meesters, pastor of the Protestant Church, Helmondschestraat B. 143. After a short stay, Samuel came, with the help of Johannes Jacobus Donkers (aka Jantje Rak) Chaplain of the catholic Sint-Willibrordusparochie, in contact with family van Heijst on the Kulert Z34 in Deurne-Zeilberg. Chaplain Donkers was supported by Jacoba Maria (Koosje) Beijers, because she worked at the distribution center in Deurne she could arrange ration stamps.

.

Pastor Tijmen Geert Meester
Chaplain Johannes Jacobus Donkers

Mathijs Adrianus & Alida Berendina Arnolda van Heijst

While Samuel had found a safe hiding place in Deurne the rest of the family van der Hoeden stayed in Amsterdam and if there was asked about Samuel, Susanna said, to protect the family, “We had a mixed marriage, I’m no longer with that man”.

Samuel had now adopted the identity of someone else, as seen on the false identification card that of Folkert Oosterbaan. Folkert Oosterbaan was born on 27 January 1898 in Amsterdam, married in Brunssum on 23 September 1925 with Francijna Kerstens and died on 15 April 1931 in Heerlen. However, the false identity card was stamped on 10 February 1944, 12 years after the death of Folkert Oosterbaan.

Although on the false identification card was written the name Folkert Oosterbaan, 7 since July 1944 residing on the Kulert Z34 in Deurne-Zeilberg, Samuel was called ‘Brammetje’ in Deurne, possibly because the first name Folkert in Brabant hardly occurred.

The family van Heijst, during the hiding period of Samuel, was composed of father Mathijs Adrianus van Heijst, mother Alida Berendina Arnolda van Heijst and son Adrianus Arnoldus (Adri) van Heijst. From this marriage there was on April 19, 1944 born a second son, Arnoldus Adrianus van Heijst, but he died after 105 days.

Since Adri was born in 1942 he has almost no memory to Samuel, the only thing always stayed with him, is a visit from his parents to Samuel and his family in Amsterdam, residing on the Churchilllaan 220hs, a few years after the liberation when the family van der Hoeden was reunited. It was for the parents of Adri not easy to undertake such a trip and a day of the farm, just as for the little Adri because it was the first time his parents were a day from home. Adri remembers well how pleased he was when he saw his parents come home, looking the living room window he saw them on the Kulert walking back from the railway station, to come home.

.

Ties Swinkels

Who still does remember Samuel well is Ties Swinkels, son of Francis Swinkels and Wilhelmina Petronella (Nelleke) van de Beek. Ties was the youngest in a family of 7 children and lived a stone’s throw of the family van Heijst on the Wittedijk E.75. Ties did not known better that Samuel was a ranch hand of the family van Heijst because in the morning he saw Samuel, dressed in an outerwear with a red handkerchief (tesnuzzik) around his neck, climbing down via a ladder out of a hay barrack, this hay barrack consisted of 4 posts and an adjustable roof that could be raised en lowered along the posts. The hay barrack was Samuel’s are sleeping-place and shelter, he enjoyed his meals together with the family van Heijst. Samuel helped Mathijs van Heijst with work within the farm such as the tuber green picking. Walking on clogs walk was not for Samuel Ties remembers “he could not walk, on the clogs…”

.

Hiding address, Kulert Z34 Deurne-Zeilberg, with in the foreground (left) little Adri van Heijst.

.

.

.

.

.

Post-war photo of the Kulert Z34 with slightly above the Center, right next to the Red tractor, still visible the hay barrack where Samuel had his bedroom and shelter.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Marietje van de Kerkhof – van Rijt (94)

Marietje van Rijt, daughter of Gerardus van Rijt and Maria van Rijt-Gooden was the Middle of three kids (Ben, Marietje and Gon) and lived on the Kulert Z. 30 in Deurne-Zeilberg. She remembers Samuel (Sam) very well, Samuel was a welcome guest at the van Rijt family visiting for coffee during his hiding period.

When Samuel arrived at the family van Rijt in a farmer’s kiel from Mathijs van Heijst with a red handkerchief (tesnuzzik) around his neck, he appeared to Gerardus van Rijt and asked him ’and … am I a farmer now?’ Gerardus told him not to stride and better go through the knees because he ran like a lord.

One day, Marietje had a severe toothache and Samuel aid was called in, he let Marietje know that the tooth really had to be pulled when Marietje told immediately that she necessarily wanted an anesthetic. Samuel said he would arrange it, she does not know how but Marietje felt almost nothing of the surgery.

Still, there were some people who thought it was unwise of Samuel heading to the Zeilberg with his dentist suitcase to visit people who had a toothache or any such matter, during the war he had pulled some teeth here and there. Samuel felt somehow secure during the war but at the end of the war this changed however and he was more nervous on the coffee, after wich, Gerardus calmed him.

Also at Toon Koppens (Toon the shoemaker) and Anna Maria van den Heuvel Samuel could be found regularly. Anna Maria liked to bake pancakes (streuf) and Samuel enjoyed them so much that one day he decided to make a medal for “the best streufbaker” that he made in Toon’s workshop of a piece of shoe leather.

During the liberation of Deurne, September 24, 1944, Samuel was sitting with the van Rijt family in a trench, and since no one could speak English, Samuel translated. Some liberators remained in Deurne Zeilberg to May 1945, the next picture was taken in front of the building at the Kulertseweg 15.

Standing: Marietje van Rijt, Unknown English soldier, Unknown English soldier, Unknown English soldier (at the back), Samuel van der Hoeden, Unknown English soldier, Gon van Rijt, Unknown English soldier, Antoon van de Heuvel. Sitting: three children van de Heuvel.

After the liberation of Deurne, Samuel stayed at the family van Rijt, since the family van Heijst got some family members as evacuee’s from (the not yet liberated) Vierlingsbeek.

Samuel his great passion was painting and a few weeks after the war he would like to make a painting, he asked Marietje the brush that he had seen in the kitchen ‘please give me that brush’ but Marietje didn’t understood what he meant, awhile later Marietje understood that Samuel referred to the basting brush which she used to for greasing the cake mold. Thus, the basting brush became a paint brush, but not much later Samuel returned, he was allowed to paint by the neighbor because it was Sunday and that was inappropriate.

After the war, Samuel, when he was provided with a temporary identity document, went back to his family in Amsterdam. Samuel, however, settled back with friends to show them where he had been hiding, but also from Deurne people went to Amsterdam where the visitors were warmly received by the van der Hoeden’s. Marietje stayed in Amsterdam for eight days, a whole trip at the time, she hitchhiked to ‘s-Hertogenbosch to take to train to Amsterdam from there.

When the family van der Hoeden somewhere in 1946 once again visited the family van Rijt in Deurne-Zeilberg they went together to the Church, although the family van der Hoeden was Jewish, Samuel really liked the wonderful sermon of a Capuchin from Helmond. Marietje remembered also Hannie van der Hoeden dressed in a beautiful blue dress hand in hand with Marietje’s brother, Ben van Rijt, walking to Church. And so a new gossip arose in Deurne-Zeilberg, who was that pretty girl to Ben’s arm…

Samuel & Susanna van der Hoeden

Thereafter there was no contact between the family van der Hoeden and the family van Heijst until I, Richard Schoutissen, in 2014 got a call from the program Tros Missing. Loes Leeman of Tros Missing could tell me that someone was looking for further information about her grandfather Samuel van der Hoeden, a dental technician from Amsterdam who would have been in hiding in Deurne during the war. Since the story about this hider was partly known by me by reading various witness statements I directly offered my services to work together with Tros Missing. However, due to unforeseen circumstances, Tros Missing had lost contact with the client. After several months I managed to trace her myself, it turned out to be a grandchild of Samuel van der Hoeden, Tamara Lohr, daughter of Johanna (Hannie) van der Hoeden.

Via Tamara we were told that Samuel with his wife immigrated in 1951 to Israel from Amsterdam, more precisely to Kibbutz Gvaram where they stayed until 1956. Samuel continued practicing his craft as a dental technician and moved to Montreal in Canada and Massena, New York. He died on 10  December 1971 in Montreal Canada, also his final resting place.

Tamara Lohr & Adri van Heijst

Via Tamara we were told that Samuel with his wife immigrated in 1951 to Israel from Amsterdam, more precisely to Kibbutz Gvaram where they stayed until 1956. Samuel continued practicing his craft as a dental technician and moved to Montreal in Canada and Massena, New York. He died on 10  December 1971 in Montreal Canada, also his final resting place.

Finally on 13 May 2016 both families were brought together again, Tamara and her husband Ami Lohr traveled to the Netherlands to visit family Adri van Heijst, who live only a few minutes walk from his parental home resident. It was an emotional get-together for everyone and in addition, Adri was surprised by Tamara with a certificate from the Jewish national Fund of Canada with the title

“He who saves a single life, saves the world entire”

Weekly Deurne